Turbotax switch from self employed

Turbotax switch from self employed 2019 · QuickBooks Self-Employed and QuickBooks Online Comparison. Or upgrade to TurboTax Self Employed Live for $199. youtube. QBSE is a cloud-based accounting system designed for individuals who have a “Schedule C” business for tax purposes. TurboTax specialists are available to provide general customer help and support using the TurboTax product. Updated on December 30, 2018 with new screenshots from TurboTax Online 2018. TurboTax Tax Return App for iPhone. We narrowed that down to a list of 155 self-employment ideas, including only those fields in which at least 15% of the work force is self-employed. 10. TurboTax Self-Employed Online tax software allows you to prepare both . 06. . TurboTax, as well as other tax preparation software like H&R Block at Home, does not support those forms. It isn’t completely a new product but a revamped version of the previous Home & Business (Home & Business is still available as a download or on a CD. 14. 2019 · Quickbooks Self-Employed Cost Quickbooks Self-Employed can be accessed through their website and/or their helpful mobile app. TurboTax Self-Employed is best for independent contractors, consultants, freelancers and small business owners to easily maximize write-offs and business expenses. Each APR calculation is based on a mortgage of $100,000 with a 25 year amortization and a $300 appraisal fee. 50% discount applies to your first 3 months. In addition to filing tax returns, TurboTax can help those who are self-employed or running small businesses make estimated quarterly tax payments and create W-2s or 1099s for their employees and contractors. 17. So you will be prompted to upgrade to TurboTax Self-Employed online if you have any expenses. ) It is meant for freelancers, contractors and small business or farm owners, and built to provide features that 24. TurboTax Live Self-Employed Working on both mobile iOS/Android and web platforms 07. 4. Our Self-Employed DIY option lets self-employed individuals file their taxes for only $94. S. Description: File your Canadian income taxes for free (no strings attached) with the new TurboTax Free app. 99, so a great deal!Login or sign up to begin powering your financial prosperity. But a few days ago it said "check back" and now it says "Free TurboTax Self-Employed" and "February 28, 2019: Deadline for free federal and state filing with TurboTax Self-Employed, 50% off TurboTax Live Self-Employed…21. New TurboTax versions are released at the end of each year and only work for filing tax returns for that year. We automatically double-check as you go, so you can be confident your taxes are done right. How do I export QB self employed to turbotax self employed? I am following all the steps but the information does not transfer. When you lose your job, your former employer may allow you to continue your health care coverage under your prior plan as Obtenez des applications mobiles Obtenez gratuitement et en toute sécurité TurboTax Tax Return App. Both of these services are known for their ease of use but TurboTax is generally the more user-friendly of the two – whether you’re talking about mobile or desktop. Obtenez la dernière version des meilleurs logiciels, jeux, programmes et applications. Customer Type I am a small business owner or sole proprietor I have a home office or home-based business I'm self-employed TurboTax Home & Business Get. 2019 · TurboTax for Self-Employed Persons. Get Offer . Users can also import bank statements or add transactions manually if desired. 2017 · Switch to Latino (Español) Feedback Are you Self Employed, Employed or Both? NOW PLAYING: Taxes Are you Self Employed, Employed or Both? turbotax. 99 TurboTax is a tax preparation solution that helps users get their maximum tax refund for federal and state income tax returns. If you decide to purchase a subscription of QBSE instead of trying the 30-day free trial, you will get 50% off the regular price for 3 months when you first sign up. 01. Can't make the tax deadline Autor: turbotaxTurboTax Help & Support Videos - YouTubePrzetłumacz tę stronęhttps://www. Try Prime All Go Search EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders Try Prime …TurboTax Self-Employed includes everything in the previous plans, plus: Schedule C support for self-employment tax returns. H&R Block Premium 2017 Federal + State Tax Software for Self-Employed/Rental Property Owners. turbotax premier download 2012 Tax Experts When You Need Them. intuit. Eligible for Free Shipping. 99 ($20 discount from Fidelity Link)Can COBRA Qualify for the Self-Employed Health Insurance Deduction?. 28. It also allows you to file Schedule C and Schedule C-EZ if you have business income to report but do not have any expenses to report. comAn attractive deal from turbotax. i have found that. Spend less time on accounting and you’ll have more time to follow your passion. TurboTax does a top-notch job at streamlining the process of filing a Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ tax return. comparison of turbotax products comparison of turbotax products 826-2754Comparing prices of TurboTax Free, Deluxe, Premier, Self Employed, with H&R Block Free, Deluxe and Premier, and TaxAct Plus, and Premium. Terms and conditions may vary and are subject to change without notice. I opted to get Self Employed TurboTax to get help from tax expert (since this is the first year I am using it). I'm thinking about doing my taxes myself and am wondering which TurboTax edition I should use? I tracked my mileage and will be deducting the . *Users will receive one state and one federal tax return filing. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. The platform guides users step-by-step to to identify business purchases, and automatically scans bank and credit card transactions. 99. Home & Business includes guidance for the self-employed or small business owners, including the …Everybody from students and seniors to buyers and self-employed can put together and file tax returns at no demand – it’s the last word tax crack! The TurboTax Free application allows you to very easily, conveniently, and securely Obtain your totally free tax return …TurboTax 2018 Home & Business Deals And Download For instance, the TurboTax 2018 Home & BusinessTurboTax 2018 Home & BusinessTurboTax 2018 Home & Business Deals And Download For instance, the TurboTax 2018 Home & BusinessTurboTax 2018 Home & Business04. TurboTax Self-Employed Edition can prepare personal Form 1040 and state tax returns, including Schedule C (for self-employment income) and Schedule E (for income from a business entity). 1 out of 5 stars 38. First, let’s talk about features and what you will get out of each program. Recenzje: 55QuickBooksPrzetłumacz tę stronęhttps://support. Premium, and Self-Employed. This means you’ll get to earn just £2,000 as dividends before paying tax, down from £5,000 in …TurboTax Deluxe 2017 Fed + Efile + State PC Download. If and when you’re ready to hit the “submit” button, it will cost you $119. aspx?albRedirect=true&lidQuickBooks Online QuickBooks Self-Employed QuickBooks Accountant QuickBooks Desktop QuickBooks Online QuickBooks Self-Employed Desktop for Mac QuickBooks Self-Employed Accountants Payroll GoPayment QuickBooks Point of Sales Desktop QuickBooks contact us TurboTax. In addition, you can chat with our Mint support team. 0TurboTax Tax Return App – Max Refund Guaranteed 5. Developed more than 30 years ago, TurboTax has evolved from personal tax return software to now offer a Self-Employed plan Independent Contractor Income - Independent contractor income is compensation you receive for doing work or providing services as a self-employed individual, not as an employee. Self-employed filers will need to pay $119. Your account will automatically be charged on a monthly basis until you cancel. Intuit Phone Support: 1-800-446-8848. com: Get a head start on your taxes and save $10. 2019 · H&R Block vs. Additionally, the Tax TurboTax & Foreign Income (2018) – Overseas Businesses | Foreign Gifts by Golding & Golding, A PLC As the IRS begins accepting tax returns for the 2017 tax year, it is important that you understand what your tax filing requirements are, and what must be included on your U. If you decide to purchase the QuickBooks Self-Employed and TurboTax Self-Employed bundle without the free trial, you will get 29% off for 3 months. These are aimed at people who have non-traditional income sources, investments, or multiple sources of deductions. 2019 · How can I change from turbo tax self employed to r cancel. Customers can even choose between Absolute Zero— which allows taxpayers who In addition to filing tax returns, TurboTax can help those who are self-employed or running small businesses make estimated quarterly tax payments and create W-2s or 1099s for their employees and contractors. com site and click on the Self-Employed TurboTax link and it will waive the fee. Seamlessly and securely switch between your iPhone 29. com/support/ProductUpdates. Active Coupons. Schedule C - Self Employed. The above Annual Percentage Rates (APR) for our special offers are compounded semi-annually, not in advance. Not currently supported: • Transfer from last year’s tax return • Tax returns for residents of Québec Everyone from students and seniors to investors and self-employed can now prepare and file tax returns at no charge – it’s the ultimate tax break!In 2019, 40 million taxpayers used TurboTax to file their tax returns. By accessing our website, you agree to our Cheap turbotax state wi rejected again 2018 Turbotax 2018 Free Download. You usually pay 2 types of National Insurance if you’re self-employed: Class 2 if your profits are £6,365 or more a year; Class 4 if your profits are £8,632 or more a year1-16 of 17 results for "turbotax self employed 2017" Skip to main search results Amazon Prime. 2019 · TurboTax isn’t just for the self-employed, it’s for everyone. com/blog/credit-karma-tax-vs-turbotaxSelf-Employed: At $119. Switch to QuickBooks Online Find a QuickBooks expert QuickBooks blog Estimated Tax Refund in Quicken 2017 H&B WAY OFF from what TurboTax Desktop 2016 Self-Employed State. It's cheaper than HR Block, tax consultant is friendlier and way more knowledgeable 3,4/5(1,9tys. 24. Keep in mind that this is just for the cost of your annual federal tax return. Best known for their free version, they also offer a suite of software editions for more complex taxes including: Basic, Deluxe Plus, Premier Plus, and Self-Employed. Already have QuickBooks Self-Employed …Employed and Self Employed uses tax information from the tax year 2019 / 2020 to show you take-home pay. 2017 · For self-employed individuals, H&R Block’s Premium package can do some serious work. How to switch from turbotax Self Employed to regular TurboTax I don't have my own business anymore, but can't find where to switch it online so I'm not entering it all into TurboTax Self Employed…TurboTax; Go to TurboTax Discuss. 21. Software Engineer II, TurboTax Live Self-Employed Intuit August 2019 – Present 3 months. Turbotax premier 2016 from costco sale turbo tax intuit rental. Reset your password for your Intuit …50% off the monthly price for QuickBooks Self-Employed and 29% off the monthly price for the QuickBooks Self-Employed Tax Bundle is for the first 3 months of service starting from date of enrollment, followed by the then-current fee for the service. For example, at the time of this publication, they are offering the first 3 months for 50% off. com TurboTax Help and Support Videos - We’re here to get you the tax and product support you need. Currently 5 active coupons. Our CPAs, EAs, and Tax Attorneys are here for you year-round so that you can get expert answers to your questions and help when you need it, free (by phone or live chat 1 ); Audit Support Tools: Free online audit support tools and …TurboTax Premier 2012 is essentially the mirror image, in a desktop application, of Intuit’s new Taxes are confusing enough without the added stress of figuring out which tax software is the best tax software, so we did the research to help you choose the ideal option to file taxes online. Self-employment income is reported on Schedule C, and the net profit or loss is reported on Line 12 of Form 1040. TurboTax Tax Return App - Max Refund Guaranteed for Android Uncover industry specific deductions to get every deduction you deserve with TurboTax Self-Employed…Looks like it's on for this year, although no working links yet. A cut to the dividend allowance was a headline change for the self-employed in 2018-19. How do I change it to the free version? I have used turbo tax for several years and they just import all of my info from last years tax return. Jackson Hewitt: An Overview . Sign Up Sign In. Is the TurboTax Deluxe enough of do I need to get the Self-Employed edition?H&R Block vs. The TurboTax Support team offers a varIf you are an independent contractor, freelancer, or entrepreneur, you should seriously consider QuickBooks for Self-Employed (QBSE) to accurately track, record, and report your business activity. It can handle Details: Use QuickBooks Self-Employed if you’re an independent contractor looking to maximize tax-saving deductions and separate business expenses from personal expenses. Maximize your tax deductions if you work as a contractor, freelancer, online seller, ride-share driver, small business owner, and more. 03. TurboTax Help and Support: Access to a TurboTax specialist is included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed and TurboTax Live; not included with Free Edition (but is available as an upgrade). Customers can even choose between Absolute Zero— which allows taxpayers who Login to your MyTurboTax account to start, continue, or amend a tax return, get a copy of a past tax return, or check the e-file and tax refund status. 99, Self Employed $69. Pricing plans start at $10 per month, and you can track all income and expenses, mileage to and from clients, and file your taxes with the QuickBooks Self-Employed TurboTax …Save with top Cyber Monday TurboTax coupons, discounts, and promo codes on your upcoming tax filing, tax preparation, or check your e-file status on WIRED. com that you need to grab: $5 off or more TurboTax military discount. Learn how TurboTax can help your business. 2018 · Deluxe lets you enter stock sales manually, but TurboTax Premier includes “additional help” on stock sales and capital gains taxes and also includes guidance on rental properties. Whether you have one W-2 or multiple streams of income, TurboTax has a variety of products and features best suited for you and your taxes. 2016 · Uber’s more than 40,000 UK drivers could be affected by the ruling. 2019 · I have used the online Deluxe version of TurboTax to file my state and federal returns for. Discover. Normally $89. By clicking the button above you are claiming to be an authorized user of the product associated with that business, rightfully and with permission accessing the product license number. Even though I haven't used TurboTax in many years I catch the Tax Planner selecting the last TurboTax import from time to time. TurboTax is a tax preparation software that allows users to file federal and state income tax returns online. You don’t need any tax knowledge. No matter what your gross income from self-employment may be, you still have to make quarterly taxes for social security and other federal benefits, the cost of which your employer would normally deduct from your paycheck. Initially, we considered more than 1,000 different jobs in total. To continue using QuickBooks Self-Employed after your 30-day trial, you'll be asked to present a valid credit card for authorization, and you'll be charged …28. Latest Android APK Vesion TurboTax Tax Return App – Max Refund Guaranteed Is TurboTax Tax Return App – Max Refund Guaranteed 5. Recenzje: 1QuickBooksPrzetłumacz tę stronęhttps://downloads. TurboTax download software comes with Forms Mode for your convenience, but if you ever want to go back to filing your return with step-by-step guidance, you can easily switch back with the click of a button, and TurboTax will put your information in the right place on all the tax forms you need based on your tax situation. Also included with TurboTax …Smart Insights and My Docs features: Included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed, TurboTax Live or with PLUS benefits and is available through 10/31/2021. Just access TurboTax through the https://partners. )Credit Karma Tax vs. Shi Yan said unpredictably Thirty years of Hedong, thirty years of Hexi, today s prisoner, tomorrow may be turbotax state wi rejected again 2018 a person. Here is a quick summary of how ObamaCare’s changes to health insurance work for the self-employed: All individuals included those who are self-employed, must obtain and maintain Minimum Essential Coverage throughout the …28. The author has something to say Comment time 1 The functions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs are from the mother, and there turbotax state wi rejected again 2018 What the Self-Employed Need to Know about the ACA. I switch the data source and back and then it gets the right amount. tumblr. More information about the calculations performed is available on the details page. Photograph: Aleksey Boldin/Alamy Uber drivers are not self-employed and should be paid the “national living wage”, a UK 2018 Tax Reform Changes for Self-Employed Businesses… » What is the 20% tax deduction for self-employed filers?… about memorizing these tax changes the majority of which are for 2018 taxes which you file in 2019. Can't make the tax deadline Autor: turbotaxSelf-Employed Less Than a Year? How - …Przetłumacz tę stronęhttps://turbotax. TurboTax Home & Business is recommended if you received income from a side job or are self-employed, an independent contractor, freelancer, consultant or sole proprietor, you prepare W-2 and 1099 MISC forms for employees or contractors, you file your personal and self-employed tax together (if you own an S Corp, C Corp, Partnership or multiple-owner LLC, choose TurboTax Business). The self-employment tax (officially known as the SECA tax for Self-Employment Contributions Act tax) is the self-employed person's version of the FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act) tax paid by employers and employees for Social Security and Medicare, and it's due on your net earnings from self-employment. Finally, TurboTax Self-Employed costs $119. The service was created by software developer Intuit with a step-by-step guide to tax filing so that even those with no previous tax knowledge can familiarize themselves with the system. 54 cents a miles versus adding up all my expenses. It can file Schedule C-EZ. TurboTax needs a separate upgrade for self-employed individuals. Why sign in to the Community? Submit a question; Check your notifications; Sign in to the Community or Sign in to TurboTax …Start for free, then pay $119. 99 ($89. 99 for TurboTax Self-Employed. What does TurboTax Self-Employed cost? The nice thing about TurboTax Self-Employed is that you can get started for free and only have to pay when you actually file your federal tax return. TurboTax: User-Friendliness. 2019 · Expense Tracking: QuickBooks Self-Employed is designed to import transactions directly from your bank account, PayPal, Etsy, or Amazon in real-time (Amazon feature in beta). 04. 2019 · QuickBooks Self-Employed pricing. We provide UK business users the most detailed information on pricing, features, usability, and reviews for TurboTax. H&R Block 2015 Premium + State Tax Software + Refund Bonus Offer - Windows . There may be certain features that you want or need for your business, or there may be things that you can go without if it saves time or money based on the program that you choose. com: turbotax self employed. The TurboTax Support team offers a varH&R Block vs. But actually you can use any Desktop program, even Deluxe. TurboTax. 99 w/promo), this is the top tier of the TurboTax product line. 07. So taxpayers filing an online Self Assessment tax return for 2018-19 in January 2020 will receive the £2,000 dividend allowance. Seamlessly and securely switch between your iPhone, iPad and computer. TurboTax is a tax preparation solution that helps users get their maximum tax refund for federal and state income tax returns. A non-resident alien can either use services of a tax professional or fill out the form by him/her-self using the IRS guidance and instructions. An email will be sent to the primary user's email address on file with Intuit. File Federal and State for $0 with Federal Free Edition Self Employed Now: $89. Turbo™ TurboTax™ Sign In Sign Up. incluye todo en . 99 plus an additional fee if your state requires you to file a return with them. I don't want to have to start all over https://turbotax. TurboTax asks you simple questions and coaches you every step of the way. 02. Have you been self-employed less than a year? If you’re just starting out, it’s possible you worked at a job earlier in the tax year before making the switch to self-employment, or you’re working multiple jobs. Can I switch from self-employed to small business turbotax software? The online Self Employed version is the same as the Desktop Home & Business program. Community: Discussions: Taxes: Get your taxes done: How do i switch from self employed to employee? TurboTax Self-Employed Online tax software allows you to prepare both self-employed income taxes and small business taxes. A monthly subscription for the service retails for $10 a month, but they do sometimes offer sales. Offer. It can handle 10. 99 so you can directly talk with a real CPA or EA to discuss your personal and small business income and expenses. Once you start using Quickbooks Self-Employed, you might have questions with your taxes. com/playlist?list=PLE796FE476F4E06BBhttps://ttlc. Purchased TurboTax Self-Employed? Activate QuickBooks Self-Employed today at no extra cost. Asking because even though the system takes all my income info, both for my employer and my self employed income, the name of it is TurboTaxAmazon. 2019 · QuickBooks Self-Employed is a small business accounting software for self-employed individuals required to file a Schedule C, such as freelancers, real estate agents, Uber drivers, and independent consultants. Ends 1-3-20. State Return : Pay $44. FreshBooks self-employed accounting software makes working for yourself painless by making your accounting a breeze. About Turbotax Self-Employed: TurboTax Self-Employed is the latest addition to the line of online products offered by Intuit. Terms, conditions, pricing, features, service and support are subject to change without notice. Get a Head Start on Your Taxes and Save $10. CD-ROM $59. Turbotax. 99 for TurboTax’s ** Self-Employed filing option, while H&R Block users can enjoy a comparable service for less. com/post/172536590194/self-employed-less-than-a-year-turbotaxSelf-Employed Less Than a Year? How to Do Your Taxes. com/app/qbdt/products?productName=QuickBooks Desktop ProQuickBooks Online QuickBooks Self-Employed QuickBooks Accountant QuickBooks Desktop QuickBooks Online QuickBooks Self-Employed Desktop for Mac QuickBooks Self-Employed Accountants Payroll GoPayment QuickBooks Point of Sales Desktop QuickBooks contact us TurboTax. Get the offer now. 0To develop this ranking of the best self-employed jobs, SmartAsset analyzed data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. But, if your business is really small with minimal expenses, the Deluxe version is more than capable. Tax Return — especially if you have foreign income. Hot Deal: TurboTax Premier 2017 $44. While you can no longer download their software for free, you can use a promo code or coupon to get a 10-20% discount on …08. 0 APK For Android, APK File Named And APP Developer Company Is Intuit Inc . First thirty (30) days subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed, starting from the date of enrollment, is free. Includes QuickBooks Self-Employed . If you are self-employed and an independent contractor, your compensation is …H&R Block vs. How TurboTax Self-Employed helps if you have questions. To enter the data in the program: From within your TaxAct® return (Online or Desktop), click on the Federal tab. UP NEXT. TurboTax vs. The Free Edition should do you just fine if you have only W-2 income and you rent your home. Turn on suggestions. San Diego, California. Download TurboTax Tax Return App – Max Refund Guaranteed 5. 08. TurboTax doesn’t just offer products for the self-employed. It includes all features available to Deluxe and Premier customers but is expanded to account for the needs of freelancers, independent contractors, etc. Discover items you like at turbotax. How do I achieve that? thanksEasily switch between Tax Forms View and Interview Mode. 99, Deluxe $29. uber. 2009 · How do I switch from TurboTax Deluxe to the free edition? We started our tax return, but accidentally hit the button for turbo tax deluxe instead of the free one. TurboTax Self-Employed comes with a subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed at no additional cost. com. In addition, H&R Block’s Deluxe and Premium users can access free online assistance from a https://ttlc. quickbooks. Everybody from students and seniors to buyers and self-employed can put together and file tax returns at no demand – it’s the last word tax crack! The TurboTax Free application allows you to very easily, conveniently, and securely Obtain your totally free tax return …Also you need to file if you had at least $400 in net earnings from self-employment (income minus expenses) or you had marketplace health insurance and received advanced payments for the premium tax credit. TurboTax’s interview-style approach will guide you through the filing process with simple and straightforward questions. See what happens when you are both employed and self employed at the same time - with UK income tax, National Insurance, student loan and pension deductions. QuickBooks Self-Employed makes it easy to separate personal and business expenses. Cyrus Tahmourpour Member. TurboTax: How Do They …Przetłumacz tę stronęhttps://lendedu. TurboTax Help and Support: Access to a TurboTax specialist is included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed and TurboTax Live Download TurboTax Tax Return App – Max Refund Guaranteed 5. Jul 24, 2019 · TurboTax’s Deluxe option supports Schedule SE, which allows you to file self-employment taxes. Intuit turbotax premier 2017 keygen Premier. Solved: How do I switch from self-employed form to standard form? Browse Canada - Community; Go to TurboTax Go to TurboTax. 2017 · I drive Uber & Lyft part time and also have a fulltime job. Based on QuickBooks Self Employed tax year 2015 subscribers that have identified >$0 in business expenses and of those users that have >$0 in tax savings and have logged between >0 and <250k miles. For anyone who hasn't seen yet, TurboTax is offering its online Self-Employed service free for Uber drivers this year. Community Basics; Connect with Others; Top Contributors; News & Announcements; Support. by H&R Block. We use cookies to deliver the best possible experience on our website. Switch to QuickBooks Online Find a QuickBooks expert QuickBooks blog • Instantly export your financial data to TurboTax Self-Employed by upgrading to the Tax bundle*. Tax Return Access: Included with all TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed, TurboTax Live or prior year PLUS benefits customers and access to up to the prior seven years of tax returns we have on file for you is available through 10/31/2021. Uncover industry specific deductions to get every deduction you deserve with TurboTax Self-Employed. To find out more about reporting more once source of income, see the full TurboTax article. 99 $ …2. com with their name, address, phone number, operating system, and proof of purchase for TurboTax Deluxe or Basic for 2014, such as a photo of a receipt for the software. 2019 · TaxAct download codes and deals: TaxAct calls themselves, “the best deal in taxes” for a reason. 0The most convenient way to get your taxes done right. 12. Get in contact by leaving a message with our TurboTax or QuickBooks support team. TurboTax Premier 2015 Federal + State Taxes + Fed Efile Tax Intuit . TurboTax - Affiliate Recent Best of TurboTax - Affiliate TurboTax - Affiliate Top TurboTax - Affiliate All TurboTax - Affiliate Self-employed tax filing for Uber drivers - TurboTax Tax Tip Video26. 99 per …Currently have quickbooks online, I would like to switch to self employed with turbotax. Whether it's throughout the year or for those of you that do your taxes last minute, TurboTax Self-Employed can help with this. This is a must have for freelancers, contractors, small business owners, and other sole proprietors. Skip to main content Turbotax switch from self employed